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Which of the characteristic best describes the writing in this passage?

A. Expository

B. Persuasive

C. Narrative

D. Technical

Which of the following proposed titles best captures the theme of the passage?

A. Siberia: Russia’s vast, inhospitable Expanded

B. Siberia: Surviving in the great wilderness of Northern Asia

C. Siberia: The role of the Gulag in Soviet Union life

D. Siberia: Life in the Arctic fringe

One of the mysteries in the world of nature hibernation, by what process, with the of autumn, do some animal go into deep sleep the sees them through the unfavorable environment of winter? The question has baffled mankind for centuries.

The little brown bat selects a cave or the hollow of a tree which to sleep throughout the winter, hanging by its feet. The woodchuck waddles along the dark tunnels of its underground home to find the highest and largest chamber, there to snuggle down and sleep on a bed of dried grasses. The badger holes up in his tunnel below the frost line to go into a deep sleep.

Scientist describes hibernation as a state of being that borders between simple sleep and death. Ordinary sleep, the 8 hours you get each night, is a temporary and brief period of relaxation during which only some of the body processes slow down. Hibernation, on the other hand, is a kind of sleep in which nearly all the body processes slow down for a long period of time.

Hibernation thus enables some animals to survive months during which the food is scarce and the weather inhospitable. If these animals had to maintain their body at a normal rate of activity such periods, they would soon dies of starvation. During hibernation, almost all body movement is suspended. The life processes function at a very slow pace, barely enough to maintain life. The blood temperature lowers, as the chemical activity of the animal’s body becomes geared its available energy.

The true hibernation are warm-blooded mammals such as woodchucks and ground squirrels, cold-blooded reptiles, and amphibians such as frogs and toads. The more adaptive animals do not hibernate. They either migrates to another location to obtain food, store food, or “live by their wits.”

Which of the of the following authors purpose for writing this passage?

A. To entertain readers with a story about hibernation

B. To inform readers about the purpose of hibernation

C. To persuade readers to search more about hibernation

D. To describe the effect of hibernation on the environment

This passage is example of which of the following writing styles?

A. Narrative

B. Expository

C. Persuasive

D. Editorial

Peat bogs are wetlands that contain acidic water and large deposits of compressed, dead plant material known as peat. Peat bogs are typically shallow and punctuated by areas of semi-dry land. Slabs of peat can be cut from the bog and used in agriculture or dried and then burned as fuel. Peat was a significant fuel in some pre-industrial societies, especially those that lacked plentiful firewood. Peat bogs can preserve dead plants and animals because the acidic water prevents rotting and decomposition. Importantly, some of the best-preserved early human remains have been discovered in peat bogs.

Which of the following sentences from the passage contains an opinion?

A. Peat bogs are typically shallow and punctuated by areas of semi-dry land.

B. Peat was a significant fuel in some pre-industrial societies, especially those that lacked plentiful firewood.

C. Peat bogs can preserve dead plants and animals because the acidic water prevents rotting and decomposition.

D. Importantly, some of the best-preserved early human remains have been discovered in peat bogs.

United Nations, 310, 314, 362

  charter of, 311

  Declaration of, 309

United States, 225, 238, 275, 289

  in Big Four, 322, 325-7

  in League of Nations, 299

  Lend-Lease policy of, 307

  Neutrality of, 305

  as United Nations sponsor, 313

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 316

“The essence of the declaration achieved a central goal of the United States, binding the three great nations as well as the smaller powers – to fight together until the Axis was defeated.”

Using the index, which of the following pages would likely contain the sentence above?

A.    305

B.     309

C.     311

D.    316

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